PSYCHE Pure Shift NMR Spectroscopy

TitlePSYCHE Pure Shift NMR Spectroscopy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsForoozandeh, M, Morris GA, Nilsson M
JournalChemistry – A European Journal
Start Page1
Date Published2018
ISBN Number0947-6539
Keywordsanalytical methods, homonuclear decoupling, NMR spectroscopy, PSYCHE, pure shift NMR

Abstract Broadband homodecoupling techniques in NMR, also known as ?pure shift? methods, aim to enhance spectral resolution by suppressing the effects of homonuclear coupling interactions to turn multiplet signals into singlets. Such techniques typically work by selecting a subset of ?active? nuclear spins to observe, and selectively inverting the remaining, ?passive?, spins to reverse the effects of coupling. Pure Shift Yielded by Chirp Excitation (PSYCHE) is one such method; it is relatively recent, but has already been successfully implemented in a range of different NMR experiments. Paradoxically, PSYCHE is one of the trickiest of pure shift NMR techniques to understand but one of the easiest to use. Here we offer some insights into theoretical and practical aspects of the method, and into the effects and importance of the experimental parameters. Some recent improvements that enhance the spectral purity of PSYCHE spectra will be presented, and some experimental frameworks, including examples in 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, for the implementation of PSYCHE will be introduced.